The name is self-explanatory, full mouth reconstruction is the replacement of all of the teeth of a person’s mouth. It along with esthetics with the science of restorative dentistry enhances the health, working and look of the mouth.
The reason why this process is known as full mouth reconstruction is that it involves more than one cosmetic dental procedure. The processes generally involve dental crowns, dental bridges, tooth extractions, dental implants, fillings, etc.
Need for Full Mouth Reconstruction
There are various people who suffer from dental problems in their complete mouth. It requires proper treatment for correcting the functioning as well as esthetics. The patient may experience multiple missing teeth, various teeth with large fillings, broken or cracked teeth or worn out teeth because of bruxism or some other habits.
There are some patients who were born with conditions like Amelogenesis, Ectodermal Dysplasia, Dentinogenesis imperfecta that require complex teeth restoration. Along with these, a full mouth reconstruction is needed for correcting and maintaining the patient’s gums for ensuring complete oral health in every aspect.
Different Procedures Involved in Full Mouth Reconstruction
- Bone grafting helps to improve the strength of the jaw bone for a dental implant to be positioned.
- Orthodontics helps in shifting the teeth in the essential positions for a proper look.
- Veneers could be added to have an attractive look for your teeth. They reshape, whiten, resize, and fill gaps.
- Placements of dental implants help to replace a missing tooth or a broken tooth. It’s essential to replace missing teeth urgently for avoiding jaw bone problems in the future.
- The crown’s placement strengthens a root canaled tooth. Dental crowns also help to cover another natural tooth that is extremely yellowish or requires reshaping because it was broken or chipped.
- The gums contouring helps in improving the appearance of the smile.
- For some crucial cases, orthognathic surgery is needed for repositioning the jaw such that it better functions for your smile.
- Deep cleaning is required for effective care of both teeth and gums. Oral health is essential, every patient must consult their oral surgeon for dental care every six months.
Full Mouth Reconstruction Procedure
Whenever you feel the need for reconstruction, contact your dental surgeon for a detailed report. Your surgeon will check your mouth to find the level of issue and the treatment procedures for correcting it. Particularly, the surgeon will analyse the condition of:
- Teeth: The condition of your teeth will tell what kind of restorative processes may be required like porcelain veneers or full-coverage crowns, onlays or inlays, implants or bridges restored with a crown. Particularly, your oral surgeon will search for any decay or cavities, cracks, tooth wear, cracks, root canal problems and any tooth movement.
- Periodontal (gum) tissues: If the gums are not healthy, you will mostly require scaling and root planing to correct periodontal disease. You may need more complex treatments from a periodontist for making sure that the newly constructed teeth will have a strong foundation. These kinds of treatments may involve soft tissue or bone grafts to build the gums and the below jaw bone. The surgeon will search for deep pockets, periodontal disease and bone density irregularities.
- Temporomandibular joints, jaw muscles and occlusion: A stable bite - the one in which you are not feeling any pain, when you chew or close your mouth and the one that does not cause wear or destruction of your teeth is essential to your complete oral health.
- Occlusal changes have to be taken into consideration when your surgeon plans for your restorations. You might need orthodontics or other kinds of treatment like night guard for treating occlusion before other restorative processes could be performed.
- Esthetics: The colour, size, proportion and shape of your teeth and how they appear with respect to your lips, gums, mouth, side look are too some essential factors in full mouth reconstruction.
The analysis procedure needs records of your mouth like X-rays and images, the impression of lower and upper teeth, models of teeth that are created from the impressions and model of the bite. Your oral surgeon may refer you specialists too such as orthodontist, periodontist or oral surgeon for a creating a treatment plan which is most suitable.
After your surgeon has received the complete information related to the case, he will create a detailed, step-by-step treatment plan for treating all the problems of your mouth and finish the reconstruction process.
Do make sure to consider the risks and benefits of the suggested procedures and treatments.
This was all about full mouth reconstruction. We covered all the major aspects of the dental procedure, still, if you want to add any other aspect, do mention in the comments below.