In this medically advanced era physical features have become very crucial. Though beauty is not skin deep, a thing of beauty is a joy forever. Nowadays in a mad rush to look stunning and attractive people are transforming the way they look. Therefore they want to undergo plastic surgery to look more appealing and get acceptance in their social circle. Thanks to the advancement in technology and extensive research in the field of medical science, plastic surgery has come as a boon to our people. From celebrities to common people plastic surgery is nowadays widely practiced.
Plastic surgery is often administered to reduce the signs of aging or to increase/decrease the size of certain body parts to get the perfect shape. It can happen to remove certain scars after an injury or post-operation These are common instances of plastic surgery. Amazingly it can be done to rebuild your chin or nose or lips, this is usually to transform your looks and give you a new look.
The most common plastic surgeries include ear surgery, acne and acne scar treatment and breast reduction.
Usually, people turn to plastic surgery to rectify a physical defect or to change a part of the body that makes them feel awkward. Some may go for laser treatment to lesson a birthmark. Others simply want to change the way they as they are happy with their present appearance.
Plastic surgery doesn’t mean to end up with a face full of fake stuff. The name is derived from the Greek word ”plastikos” which means to form or shape and gives the material plastic its name also.
Plastic surgery changes a person’s appearance and ability to function, it is a special type of surgery.
- Reconstructive methods rectify defects on the face or body. These may include physical birth flaws like cleft lips and palates and ear deformities, disturbing injuries like those from dog bites or burns, or the after-effects of disease treatments like rebuilding a woman's breast after surgery for breast cancer.
- Cosmetic also called aesthetic surgery that changes a part of the body that a person is not satisfied with.
Facial cosmetic surgery
The various types of facial cosmetic surgery are described below
Eyelid surgery (Blepharoplasty) intends to mold the eyelids. Due to aging the skin becomes loose, and there may be hanging off the upper lids, and bags on the lower lids. It allows removing or repositioning extra skin and fat and the surgery may strengthen adjoining muscles and tendons. The procedure may alter the shape of the face or tighten the skin.
Nose surgery or nose job (rhinoplasty). In this surgery, the doctor restructures the patient's nose to improve the look and breathing too. It involves reshaping the tip and lowering the bony lift at the upper part of the nose.
It can be executed with tiny cuts that are hidden inside the nostrils. Rhinoplasty is performed above 15 years of age to allow for the complete growth of the cartilage and bone of the nose.
Ear Surgery(Otoplasty) treats protruding ears by surgically attaching the ear closer to the head with stitches, molding the cartilage or both. It can be performed on one or both ears. It can’t be performed in children up to 6 years of age.
Face Surgery (Rhytidectomy) helps to get rid of the wrinkles and tighten facial skin so that one looks young. The skin is uplifted off the intense facial tissue and the extra skin is removed. The cuts are then closed with stitches.
Brow lift surgery(browplasty) or forehead lift aims to lower the aging effects by lifting hanging eyebrows and removing forehead wrinkles. It is usually done aside from other cosmetic surgery to get a pleasant facial look.
Chin increase intends to make the chin more visible and give a better equilibrium of facial features. It can be done at the time of nose surgery depending on the measurements taken before surgery. Cosmetic surgery makes the cheekbones more prominent.
Cost Of Plastic Surgery
The cost of facial cosmetic surgery is between Rs. 40,000 - 100000
Other treatments include peels, fillers, injections, and laser treatment. Chemical peels may help cure acne, pockmarks, scars or wrinkles. In chemical peel treatment, the recovery time is minimum. It is used by both light and dark skin types. It is the safest and successful treatment.
Botox is a type of cosmetic surgery used to treat wrinkles. It is a trusted treatment for frown lines on the forehead, lines around the eye or increased sweating of the armpits.
Fat injections are a popular application of cosmetic surgery. It helps to remove unwanted fat in the body. The results are safe and permanent. Sometimes the procedure is repeated for better results.
Laser skin treatment is an effective skin treatment to reduce fine lines, wrinkles and abnormal pigmentation such as sunspots. The treatment is performed by concentrating pulsating beams of light.
Hair transplantation is also a type of cosmetic surgery used to renew hair growth. The patients need to go for several sessions for the transplant.
Precautions before cosmetic surgery
The one undergoing cosmetic surgery should abstain from smoking and chewing tobacco several months before any procedures because it can affect wound healing. One must also be careful in choosing the doctor for cosmetic surgery. A qualified, experienced and trained doctor certified by a professional board must be selected for the best surgery and enhanced results. The person opting for plastic surgery should collect all the relevant information about the procedure and evaluate the risks associated with the treatment. The surgery must be done at the right time when one is mentally prepared to take the surgery. It should be avoided during stressful events. One should not travel too far for treatment. It may become expensive and tiring.
Implications After the surgery
Many people face psychological depression and body disorders after seeking cosmetic surgery. There can be certain complications post-surgery. One may experience unusual pain, visual disturbances white skin near an injection site and symptoms of a stroke.
A family doctor must be consulted before taking the treatment so that one gets proper advice before the treatment.